The Power 2 Change


The City

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The City of Atlanta, or Atlanta, is located in the north-central part of the state of Georgia, which has been one of the top growth areas of the country for the last two decades. Atlanta was established in 1847, and since then it has provided municipal services to its residents, citizens, and visitors.  These services include police and fire department, the maintenance of streets, roads and street lighting and other infrastructures. It provides recreational activities and cultural events, public transportation, municipal health services, land use and building regulations. The City is also responsible for the energy and water supply, and sewage collection and disposal operations. The City is also the home of the worlds’ most transited airport, the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport [1]. The City of Atlanta forms part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA (MSA), or commonly known as the Metropolitan Atlanta. The Metropolitan Atlanta is number nine in the largest metropolitan areas in the country and has become known as a leading center for logistic activities and business. The area represents one the biggest national and international transportation hub and it is among the top three distributions cities in the U.S., As a result, Atlanta has ranked number three in the country for the number of FORTUNE 500 company headquarters. The City has built a powerful economic base and was lately ranked 10th nationwide as an important technology market. The City of Atlanta also ranks 10th in the nation economy and social well-being with a gross domestic product of approximately $295 billion[2].

The Initiative

Addressing sustainability in cities like Atlanta is a complex undertaking, demanding respect and a comprehensive understanding of the interconnected nature of social, economic and environmental issues, and collaboration across all established jurisdictions, municipalities,  geographies, fields, and expertise. Meeting Atlanta’s sustainability development goals, therefore, entails complementary efforts at different scales and domains, where everyone and every single entity and organization is relevant, and where everyone has a role to play, and everyone has a responsibility to work to accelerate progress towards sustainability across the city.

Power to Change aims to offer a clear path forward for all Atlantans in these commitments, joining national best practices with local context, leveraging the work of countless individuals and organizations from the public and private sector, across many impact areas, and giving all a sense of shared accomplishment and purpose.

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As Atlanta’s citywide sustainability energy, Power to Change is the result of the contributions of more than 250 stakeholders across the city, representing their businesses,  neighborhoods, their schools, their community organizations and their government agencies. The input and continuing commitments and efforts of these individuals and organizations are what make Power to Change (P2C) alive and powerful, transforming goals, targets and initiatives into a better Atlanta.

Power to Change employs this framework of co-creation processes to build a strong foundation for measurable sustainability actions around 10 impact areas, joining and leading sustainability cities around the globe by using this compelling approach.

My Internship Experience

This fall I had the most incredible and fascinating government experience by working as an intern at the Mayor’s Office of Sustainability in Atlanta, Georgia. It was a great honor for me to be part of a learning process that allows me to get a different perspective and a professional experience from the so-called public sector. During my internship program, I primarily assisted two departments and their corresponding green initiatives in addressing Atlanta’s sustainability efforts. I was thrilled to have the opportunity to participate in two internships during this fall semester with different focus areas but with very interlinked domains.

The Urban Agriculture Department

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The goal of urban agriculture in Atlanta is to support and strengthen an equitable and healthy local food economy. To achieve this, the following are some of the actions and activities performed so far by Dr. Mario Cambadella, the Urban Agriculture Director, and his incredible team:

  • The city has provided technical and conceptual drawings for design and construction of the Capital View Community Garden Landscape Plan as well as supervised community work days.
  • The department has streamlined the permitting process for urban and community gardens to make it easier for farmers to do what they love to do best, grow, distribute and sell food.
  • The Department has also secured dozens of grants to strengthen Atlanta’s Urban Agriculture (UA) Network and increase access to local, healthy, and fresh produce. The awards include the GRO1000 grant to give social entrepreneurs an opportunity to grow and sell edible plants and a U.S. Forest Service grant to establish a food forest in Southwest part of Atlanta.
  • Thanks to the assistance and strategic partnership with Georgia Tech’s Scheller College of Business, the Department of UA has completed the Customized Food Hub Assessment Tool Kit for the City of Atlanta.
  • Additionally, The Mayor’s Office of Sustainability has established a Community Supported Agriculture drop-off location at the City Hall with the local farming cooperative, Global Growers.

I participated and assisted the Mayor’s Office of Sustainability Urban Agriculture Legal Internship program. This program allowed me to acquire significant learning experience to seek for career options and develop professional skills in a diversity of leadership disciplines such as community engagement, urban agriculture development, and management, sustainability, urban planning, water conservation programs and many other related fields. By participating in programs such as the first Food Forest of the City, I understood and unleashed an interest in learning how urban agriculture can help to achieve the goal of making Atlanta a top-tier city for sustainability by the year 2025. The purpose of this position in the Internship Program was to develop a passionate and skilled leader in me, committed to urban agriculture as one of the critical components of sustainability progress in the city.

Working closing with the Urban Agriculture Director Dr. Mario Cambardella and Elizabeth Beak, his fellow, my primary responsibilities were: UA policy research, grant writing and editing, legal research, and analysis and the placemaking of the first Food Forest in the City. I actively participated in projects such as the opening of a fresh farmers’ market at the Five Points, one of the Marta Train Stations in the City. I also participated in the Food Forest Workshops and the site-visit and celebration of the Food Forest in the Browns Mills Farm.

The Climate Resilience and Renewable Department

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Atlanta’s City Hall

Atlanta has been one of the first cities in Georgia to pass a Climate Action Plan and has been a leader in solar energy programs.

The director, Dr. Jairo Garcia has been on the most dedicated sustainability practitioner in achieving new milestones on transition initiatives that act upon turning Atlanta as one of the most sustainable low-carbon Cities. The actions performed by this department are the following:

  • In 2016, the City began installing solar panels at more than 25 facilities across the city, half of wich are located in the low-income neighborhoods and minority communities.
  • The City of Atlanta was one of the major cities in the Southeast to participate in the COP21 Climate talks held in Paris. Also, the City was recognized by the Atlanta Regional Commission for the Climate Action Plan developed for the city.
  • Atlanta has been recently honored as one of the Rockefeller Foundation’s “100 Resilient Cities” in strengthening its ability to face the impacts of climate change such as flooding and heat islands.
  • Finally, the City of Atlanta has been recognized by the Center for Disease Control as a top ten worldwide Greenhouse Gas emissions reporter.

My internship experience in this department was to work in close collaboration with doctor Jairo in the Climate & Renewables policy research, GH Gases Inventories, updating, writing and editing the 2016 GRI-G4 Sustainability Report, and contributing to the update of the Atlanta Climate Action Plan. This role offered me a broad range of experience on Climate & Renewables Master Plans, GHG Emissions Inventories, GRI Sustainability Reporting, and Solar Atlanta. This position also gave me the opportunity to explore and develop a passionate and skilled leadership in public engagement, policy research, conceptual master plan designs, and working with great partners across the city.

1-2 “The City of Atlanta, Georgia, Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Year Ended June 30, 2015”. http://www.atlantaga.gov/modules/showdocument.aspx?documentid=20459

Links of Interest

http://www.atlantaga.gov/

Home

http://www.atlantastreetsalive.com/

Meet The Dakakker


A Cohesive Urban Farming Initiative In Downtown Rotterdam

Food urbanism or urban farming has become one of the major sustainable urban trends -a pleasant reason to dedicate this blog post to the production of fruits and vegetables within an urban contexts.

20160714_083216322_iOSNowadays, people are extremely concern about our current food system and supply chain. People welcome the need to begin producing local organic food. They have increasingly shifted their consumer behaviors into a more healthy, fresh and grown locally diet. They feel the call to reconnect with their roots, and the need to protects people’s right to access to healthy food and well-preserved environment while providing fair compensation to the thousands of farmers and growers.

Cities are the driving axle of such a tendency that is engaging many of us into the urban farming movement. Indeed, the increasing number of people living and setting down in already dense major capital cities of the world is an underlying reason that boosts the urban agricultural initiative to high levels of expectations. Cities like New York, Mexico D.F., New Delhi and Hong Kong are feeling the pressure to feed their residents and to grow sustainable food in their own cities. And the only spaces available in these urban areas are the rooftops and the abandoned old industrial buildings. I remember  a few years ago rooftop farms, for example, were ideal imaginary places and only observable in renderings, drawings, and images. But, now they have burst around the world, making cities greener and sustainable from the top. Therefore, in the following sections,  I present two of the most successful urban farms in the downtown of Rotterdam.

The DakAkker

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The Dakakker was founded in April 2012 by Binder Groenprojecten and developed by an architecture collective firm Zus in collaboration with the Environmental Centre Rotterdam. Located on top of the Schielblock building in the downtown of Rotterdam, the Dakakker is one of the largest rooftop farms in Europe. The garden is the house of a wide variety of vegetables, fruits, edible flowers, herbs and honey bees.

The rooftop farm functions as a test site for urban agricultural projects. Currently, one the most enthusiastic project the garden is participating in is the implementation of a smart rooftop. This smart rooftop consists of implementing a sensor and weather controlled roof with a much larger water storage capacity than a regular green roof. In addition to a test site to experiment with different ways of green rooftops and farming initiatives within the city, this place also offers workshops and educational activities and provide herbs and vegetable to local restaurants and shops.

During the summer period, the urban garden opens its doors for a bistro breakfast and lunch menu, and also organize special dinners, catering, and events with a great view of the city. Here are some nice pics.

Uit Je Eigen Stad

After a delightful breakfast at The Dakakker Café, I head myself towards Uit Je Eigen Stad, another extraordinary urban agriculture initiative that grows and sells fresh veggies, grass fed chickens, mushrooms, ornamental seasonal flowers and also provide a healthy menu option at its restaurant. Uit Je Eigen Stad means literally “From Your Own City.” 20160714_113403966_iOS

This story of success was initially conceived and began as a social enterprise, but at the moment the urban farm is a commercial business that provides to its customers a quality mixture of seasonal vegetables, and organic dairy products. It also provides a space for the Farmers Harvest Market on weekends and a full-service restaurant on a daily basis. One thing that was fascinating to me was the fact that the farm was situated in an abandoned old industrial building, which makes the place more appealing to customers and increases their interest. This place also offers stylish design conference rooms with vintage farm items for conferences, workshops and all type of events.

Rotterdam is an exceptional case when it comes to urban farming initiatives. Despite the dark times from the past, over the years the city has impressively and successfully recovered thanks to the active participation and positive attitude of their citizens. This participatory role led to goals that rebuilt the city and shaped the Rotterdam of today. The driving forces that have led the development and economic grow of the city have, without a doubt, been the city government involvement and the bottom-up citizen’s initiatives. I was very impressed with the spur of creativity, innovation and the level of engagement of the citizens, particularly when it comes to urban agricultural activities. And most importantly the straightforward support from the local government. The support is not always money. Instead, they are committed to providing the institutional strength, regulations, policies, and sustainability frameworks to push forward innovative ideas and programs related to areas such as education, food security, health, welfare and local economy.

 

 

EUROPE BY PEOPLE


 

Last June, I had an incredible opportunity to visit one of the largest and cutting edge campus for sustainable urban innovators. In the following post, I would like to tell you more about this original initiative that takes place in many cities of Europe and brings together people from the different background into the field of sustainability.

The initiative run from April to June, and I was just lucky enough to participate a day before the event concluded. I could not visit every single project and installation because some of the participants had already closed down their stand. But, I believe I could see enough inspiring ideas and projects that deserve to be shared.

fabcity2FabCity is a free-access and temporal, cultural inspiring hub for work, exploration, creation and development. More than 350 students, academics, artists, professionals, citizens, and change-makers are welcome every year to provide solutions for everyday living and self-sustaining cities of the future. This straightforward commitment and collaboration between civic leaders, educational institutions, universities and global maker communities is aimed to develop locally productive cities by revitalizing and incentivizing new economies.

The areas and domains addressed regarding urban issues were primarily on food, water and climate adaptation, mobility and transportation, smart living, and education and research. One of the modules that I found very engaging was the one that addressed the role of data in our society. This particular theme discusses questions such as how do we use data? What are the pros and cons of data-based life? How can we make good use of big data to keep and track progress and change the status quo?  How will data be collected, saved, analyzed and used? What kinds of analytical tools will apply to the sustainability development agenda?

Those question boosted my curiosity and made me think about the importance of big data as a future sustainable practitioner. With this approach, I understood that sustainability is not just about creating the best green, responsible initiative or doing things differently. It is also about visualization and sharing information, resources, and tools for critical decision-making, monitoring the indicators associated with sustainable goals and assessing the impact of sustainable transitions in a urban, regional and even national scale. There is much more we can learn from this so-called  “data revolution”. And this data revolution can offer a unique opportunity to gather data that can be used to reduce vulnerability, model and test a variety of scenarios, get real-time insights, and to mitigate risk. For instance, big data analysis can transform the production and consumption of energy or food, boost resilience in cities, and respond with greater agility to the world’s most pressing challenges. So, next time, you think a bout greener ideas or sustainable initiatives, think also about how to integrate data into day-to-day activities.

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To summarize this experience, I would like to cite a section from the Europe By People Program’s Vision Statement, which in insightful words describes the purpose of this groundbreaking initiative. Actually, I though, it would be wonderful to develop and create a FabCity program at the Patel College of Global Sustainability.

“We believe art has the power to create a society that is more confident, beautiful and economically strong – whether it’s design, architecture, fine arts, fashion, theatre, music, dance, film, poetry or literature. And the power of our nation lies in the ability to think innovatively, be creative, work together and connect. This power truly manifests itself in our interaction with other countries and that is why co-operation and co-creation will be at the core of our Cultural Programme and we will focus on engaging the public and on breaking barriers between disciplines.”

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In this event, I also had the opportunity to watch a marvelous documentary called Tomorrow – The World is full of Solutions. An extraordinary film that has won the 2016 César Award for best documentary and has achieved more than 1 million admissions in France after its release. This globetrotting documentary focused on providing more solutions than problems and providing a comprehensive look at methods and ideas in which organizers, activists, and everyday citizens are trying to make the world a better, greener, more sustainable place. Find out more about Tomorrow by clicking at the film’s website to explore more. http://www.tomorrow-derfilm.de/

and check this out: https://www.demain-lefilm.com/en/film

Here is the Trailer

Note: If you would like to know more about the European City Makers Movement visit the following link:

http://fab.city/

 

Transitioning at Drift


In this post, I would like to share how has been my first and second week at Drift as an international intern.

About the Institution  

DRIFTFounded in 2004, DRIFT – Dutch Research Institute for Transitions is the result and evidence of transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary research in sustainability transitions. It is a union of researchers and professional advisors supporting the common cause of pro-active research projects aimed to advance the understanding on how sustainability transitions can be initiated, expanded and governed. They started off by proposing a set of reliable, cutting-edge research integrating advancing transition theories and practices with high-level advisory oriented to influence transitions towards more sustainable pathways. Based on realistic assessments and by providing academic and professional training and support to transformative agents. DRIFT aims to engage public and political attention, institutions, intermediary organizations, businesses and civil society to transform and develop new system dynamics in domains such as energy, water, food, and mobility, urban and regional development, climate change and social innovation.

The Way to Go

Diving is an extraordinary and intense experience loaded with adrenaline and mix of emotions, particularly when the surroundings and what you can see beneath your dive is beautifully unexpected. Likewise, diving into a new environment can also be a stimulating experience. The new surroundings and the contribution of uncertainty and anxiety that the new internship experience involves is something unique that keeps you on your toes. However, surprisingly, my first few days at my new internship did not result in any sense of ‘diving in’ emotion. On the contrary, the job got off to a slow start. Or should I say a smooth start?

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On my first day of interning at DRIFT, after walking in, I found myself on the sixteenth floor of one of the largest faculty buildings at the Erasmus University Rotterdam. Suddenly, I felt my mind turning blank as I approached the offices without a clue of what to expect.  Everything was unfamiliar and new to me. Upon arrival, I was introduced to everyone, particularly to Dr. Derk Loorbach, Professor, and Director of Drift. I also met Marijke de Pous, coordinator of the Transition Academic and finally Dr. Niki Frantzeskaki, senior researcher, lecturer and my external supervisor during the time of my internship. I have to say this: they were extremely welcoming, incredibly and pleased to help with anything. Everyone at the office were extremely nice and fun to be around, and the jobs and different projects they work on are fascinating. DRIFT is involved in a broad range of national and international advisory and research projects. The one that I am happily involved is the ARTS project (Accelerating and Rescaling Transitions to Sustainability. The ARTS project is a European research consortium led by DRIFT to analyze best practices from innovative initiatives and showcase the best sustainable processes that allow continues experimentation and level playing field at the scale of a city level or region on many different domains such as food, energy, housing and mobility.

After a meeting with Niki and Steffen (another researcher for the ARTS project), the first task that I was given was to read the “Blue Bible,” a three hundred pages’ book of the DRIFT complete analysis on Transitions to Sustainable Development, and to summarize it in a comprehensive document. At first, 300 pages seemed very overwhelming, in fact, the content was very dense, but as soon I started to read the full study of long-term transformative change, I found myself delighted and I became more and more enthusiastic about the content, new concepts, theories, terminology and ideas on sustainable transitions. Understanding transitions and know how to influence them helped me to picture a holistic image of the career path Drift develops. It helped me to understand the specifics and the interdisciplinary approach to sustainable development.

After completing other different task and mini-projects during my first and second week, there were three important things that I experienced and learned. The first lesson was that not knowing and understating everything that I was learning within such a short period (5 – 6 weeks) is completely understandable and normal. Instead of having a pessimistic retroactive mindset, active approaches such as a straightforward and positive attitude would be the key factor to adjust in new environments. In fact, this positive attitude will help you during your internship experience and forward professional career. In case you do not know or do not understand something, never hesitate to ask for help. There will always be someone willing to help you, and the more you ask and look for different sources of information, what it was once topsy-turvy, prompt it becomes clear. In this regard, you will grow and learn so much faster.

The second thing I have learned was that you should NOT be reluctant or afraid to try new experiences. For instance, one of the tasks that I had to complete was to interact with people and become more familiar with the projects. Although this duty seemed like an easy one, for me was very challenging, especially when I am not a very sociable person and when the lack of fluent language is a barrier. The individuals associated with the different projects were researchers, professors, and advisors from a variety of extensive backgrounds such as environmental science, policy studies, political studies, and sociology. It has been the first time that I am involved in such environment. I had never taken part in any academic and research studies before. Therefore, the terminology, the theories, the methodology and the way they work was entirely brand-new to me. Lastly, I learned to take all mistakes as opportunities for improvement and every single task as an opportunity for growth! Even the smallest tasks have the potential to teach you great skills.

By being an active intern is when you should not be scared to try new things, enjoy unique experiences, make mistakes, and learn. This is the moment when you discover what your weaknesses and strengths are, and you develop more enthusiastic approaches to support your professional career. Thus, my advice is to continue to be curious, to give the best of yourself, put honest efforts in everything you do and be aware of the unexpected.

Rotterdam and her Maas Mermaid


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Postcard

Commonly known as the Water City District, finally, after a long nine flight hours, I have anchored my soul in the principal port and second most populated city in the Netherlands’ province of South Holland, Rotterdam. To begin our journey throughout this enigmatic metropolis, I would like to make a brief introduction of the city that is going to host me for about two months. To make the tour more enjoyable, I want to invite a mystical character who is going to walk you through the history, architecture and most representative places of this alive city. The main character of this story is the Maas Mermaid. The Maas Mermaid will guide us to undercover the culture, the language, the history, the architecture and exquisite dining at the barons harbors and adjacent neighborhoods. Welcome! And enjoy the Maas Mermaid and me on a fascinating voyage that will help us to discover the more unusual and most beautiful aspects of the Rotterdam Waterfront. Perhaps, you might be wondering yourself why a mermaid? And why the Maas Mermaid? Well, the answer places us back to old times. On one hand, a mermaid or Sirenia was a legendary and mystic aquatic creature that inhabit rivers, estuaries, swamps, coastal marine waters, and marine wetland. This mythology symbol was very popular in the folklore and was a subject of art and literature in many European countries. On the other hand, the city of Rotterdam is an extraordinary place surrounded by water, mainly by the Nieuwe Maas River, one of the emblematic rivers in the Dutch province of South Holland. This large water channel surrounds the city forming small and big districts connected by bridges and from where each one of them speaks by itself about memorable times. Thus, picturing Rotterdam as a fishing village where mermaids played an important role as part of its folklore and culture, what a remarkable way of walking you through each corner of Rotterdam by taking a popular character named with one of the names of the main rivers, the Nieuwe Maas Mermaid (New Meuse River).

History of Rotterdam

Beginning in 1270, a dam was formed on the lower loop of the River Rotte. This dam was located in the middle of the river, under what is now called the Hoogstraat street. Suddenly, a village quickly sprang up on it. Thus, the Rotte dam settlement was established. The name of Rotterdam first appeared officially around 1281, on a lease agreement belonging to Floris V.

The breakthrough of 1872 characterized by the increasing population and the transferring of goods, was the result of the excavation between 1866 and 1872 for the new waterway. This excavation was the long canal, which cut across the dunes to the Hook of Holland, forming a direct link with the North Sea. This meant that the Port of Rotterdam was readily available to the largest ocean steamers. Rotterdam was officially acclaimed as the greatest port in the world in 1962.

The Rotterdam of today is the result of the German bombing on 14th May 1940. This attack enabled the Germans to force the complete surrender of the Netherlands. Undeterred, the city council commissioned the design of a new City Centre. Unlike Dresden and Warsaw, cities also hit by the war. Rotterdam was diligent in not to rebuild the city stone by stone. Its ambition was beyond. Citizens wanted a new city. One that was modern and accessible. In such a way, one tower block after another rose rapidly out of the ashes. Today, the City Centre is located at the place popularly known as the Rotterdam Central Station.

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The New Maas Map

The Noordereiland

My homestay is placed at the center of the Rotterdam City. I can say I live on a floating island. This quiet and ancient neighborhood welcomed my arrival with a hundred of identical old houses that long time ago were the places where wealthy families used to live. This place is called the Noordereiland. About 150 years ago, the Noordereiland or Northern Island was no more than a sandbank in the middle of the Nieuwe Maas River, surrounded by grassland and fields of rapeseed and buckwheat. The island appeared about as a result of the economic growth of the city created by the big excavation that we talked about above in the history section. The silt dredged from the koningshaven was deposited on the sandbank, and the NoordereiLand was ready for construction and development. These days, this fascinating jewel in the heart of Rotterdam is available for exploration. In epic words of Joe Cillen (a former seaman and artist), the island is a ship sailing down the Maas River. The ‘ship’ has about 3,000 sailors if you count them as the number of residents living on the island. The Noordereiland ‘ship’ has hidden treasures in the most unexpected places: antique shops, restaurants with gardens and terraces, sculptures in deserted streets, bench beside the Maas, old rich harbor barons’ houses and sailors’ bars.

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The New Maas Map

Who was Erasmus?

Besides de curiosity I had about from where the name Rotterdam came from, a particular name started to appear everywhere across the city. Erasmus Bridge, Erasmus Street, Erasmus Building, Casa Erasmus, off course Erasmus University Rotterdam, and even a dish is named in his honor. But who was really Erasmus? The more I searched, the more interesting the character became. Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus or also well-known as Erasmus of Rotterdam was a great philosopher, writer and Dutch humanitarian personality back in his time.

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Desiderius Erasmus Roterdamus

Erasmus of Rotterdam was one of the Europe’s most famous and influential scholars and thinkers of the early 16th-century humanist movement in Norther Europe. He was also an intellectual arbiter and prevailing figure when brought along a theological revolution as a result of his views on the Reformation debate over human nature, religion, and free will.

Here is one of his most famous quotes: “There are some people who live in a dream world, and there are some who face reality; and then there are those who turn one into the other.”
—Erasmus

The Cosmopolitan City

Rotterdam is an open sky of architecture, an open air museum of art. I was astonished by the diversity of architecture and stylish pieces that decorate the city from the Zuid to the Noor. The interesting thing is that Rotterdam imagines, creates and delivers a magical realism impressed in the shapes, forms, and creativity of modern buildings. I would say this city is the chief hub for great ideas and open-mindedness. One of the most beautiful and eye-catching modern architecture that surprised the most was the combination among futuristic and old fashioned style neighborhood called the Oude Have. This place is a comprehensive design by Piet Blom, one of the world-famous architects base in Rotterdam. Piet Blom designed the cube houses in 1984. His design represents a tree, and all houses together make up a trunk. Blom’s concept was to create a kind of village within the central area of the city, a haven in which anything could happen. The combination of the PotLood and the cube and dock houses is unusual. It incorporates different styles, epochs, and preferences. With his cube houses, Blom demonstrates that there are a lot more possibilities than you would think.

The Erasmus Bridges is another remarkable asset for the city. This bridge does more than join two shores together. It represents a successful major transport infrastructure project and engineering work. The Erasmus Bridge is the third bridge across the river Nieuwe Maas and is an extension of Coolsingel between Leuvehoofd and Wilhelminaplein. On September 4, 1996, Queen Beatrix opened the new bridge. Soon the Erasmus Bridge, designed by Berkel & Bos, became the signature of the new Rotterdam. Because of its graceful shape she was popularly nicknamed the Swan. The Erasmus Bridge is an endless source of inspiration for photographers, filmmakers, advertisers, and even poets. A prettier picture than an aerial photograph of the bridge with marathon runners is hardly imaginable. Its structure and design articulation has become a distinctive landmark in the urban surrounding skyline.

Another prestigious piece of modern architecture within the ambit of this municipal museum is the Rotterdam’s Market Hall. With a soccer field size dimension, there is an indoor floor area full of fresh delicateness, vegetables, meat, bread and fish stalls. This ideal place, is a wonderland for real foodies wanting to spend a day in good taste. The Market Hall is located at the Rottetrdam Blaak area. The interior of the Rotterdam Market Hall is one of its kinds due to the huge colorful panels on the walls and ceiling, portraying lots of fruit and vegetables. The front and back entrance of the Markethal is made draught-proof using a huge glass facade. The indoor is multifunctional, as it offers an underground car parking and luxurious apartments/homes.

 

For more information of Rotterdam, visit https://en.rotterdam.info/

 

References

http://www.architectuurinrotterdam.nl/building.php?buildingid=12&lang=en

Rotterdam Cube Houses – Holland.com. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.holland.com/global/tourism/article/rotterdam-cube-houses.htm

Market Hall Rotterdam – Opening hours, parking, shopping …(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cityguiderotterdam.com/things-to-do/shopping/market-hall-rotterdam/